Research publication ethics

Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statement


For Writers:


I. Previous Publication
Original papers, poll reviews, research notes, and book reviews may not have been previously published in any language either in print or online. By submitting any of these items, authors are affirming that this is their original, previously unpublished work.


There is a section introducing work previously published in other languages. Information about the previous publication shall be included.


II. Plagiarism


Plagiarism is defined as copying the work of another, in part or in whole, and claiming it is one’s own. Plagiarism will not be tolerated. All quotations or references to another’s ideas must be properly cited.


If a paper is found to be plagiarized, it will be rejected. If the discovery is not made until after publication, the paper will be retracted.


III. Data Fabrication


Data fabrication is defined as any falsification of results. This includes, but is not limited to, reporting results different from the ones actually collected; giving inaccurate or deliberately misleading information about the data collection process; and reporting results of a study not actually conducted.


Data fabrication of any kind will not be tolerated. If data fabrication is discovered in a submitted paper, the paper shall be rejected. If data fabrication is discovered after publication, the paper shall be retracted.




For Editors:


I. Equal Opportunity


Papers shall be evaluated on their own merit without regard to race, gender identity and sexual orientation, color, religion, nationality, or political affiliation.


II. Confidentiality


Editors must do their best to protect the identity of unpublished authors and of reviewers.


The contents of submitted papers should be regarded as confidential. Editors may not quote or otherwise use the contents of any paper pre-publication without the author's written consent.



For Reviewers:


I. Qualifications


If a reviewer believes he/she is unqualified to review a certain paper, he/she should refuse the assignment.


If a reviewer has any kind of conflict of interest or knows the author’s identity, he/she should refuse the assignment.


II. Punctuality


If a reviewer will not be able to complete a review on time, he/she should let the editor know as soon as possible so that an extension can be given or a replacement reviewer found.


III. Confidentiality


A reviewer should never disclose the contents of an unpublished paper, including discussing the work with colleagues or using any information in his/her own work.



Policy of a Violation of Ethics Code


If an editor, editorial board, reviewer, or, in the case of a published paper, reader, feels that an author has violated the ethics guidelines, a special ethics committee of at least three associate editors and/or editorial board members shall discuss what should be done. The author shall be consulted and given a chance to defend himself/herself. The committee will then make a final decision to reject/retract a paper or to dismiss the accusations as untrue. Meetings of the special ethics committee may take place by e-mail, phone, or any other method.


If an author feels that an editor or reviewer has violated the ethical guidelines, he should report it to another of the editors. A special ethics committee of at least three associate editors and/or editorial board members shall discuss the situation. The author will be asked to explain why he feels that ethical guidelines have been violated. The accused editor or reviewer will be given an opportunity to defend himself/herself. The committee will then make a final decision to dismiss the editor/reviewer, send him/her a letter of censure, or dismiss the accusations as untrue. Meetings of the special ethics committee may take place by e-mail, phone, or any other method.


The Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statements take effect as from April 21, 2016, when it was first established.


These guidelines were compiled after consulting the COPE Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors.